The Mexico horse Galiceno, takes it’s name from the Spanish province of Glicia where it was first developed.
It dates back to the 16th century where its ancestors were Spanish Sorraia and Portuguese Garrano breeds.
Both the Sorraia and Garrano have primitive bloodlines such as the
In 1958, these horses were first imported to the United States, and in 1959 a breed registry was formed to maintain the breed; and by 2005 had registered about 7,000 horses throughout North America, with around 20 new foals registered each year.
Many of the horses are also registered with the American Indian Horse registry, which is dedicated to preserving the lines of horses bred by the Native Americans of the United States.
The breed ranges in height from 12 – 14hh (1.22 – 1.42m).
The Galiceno has a nicely proportioned head with a straight profile, and short and muscular neck.
It is narrow in the chest and the shoulders are straight, along with pronounced withers.
The back is short, the croup sloping, and the legs long and strong, with small hooves.
Although referred to as a pony it is more horse like in proportion and character, making it more like a small horse.
Typical colours are all solid, with pinto colourings not allowed, by the United States registry.
Dun coloured ponies have a dorsal list and some have Zebra markings on the legs.
The Mexican horse is widely used in its native country, mainly for harness and ranch work and under saddle.
The breed is a hardy pony with plenty of stamina, with a large stride being able to cover the ground quickly.
They are known to be very strong, being able to carry a person all day in heat and over rough terrain, despite their small size.
In the United States, they are used as riding ponies for children, and have proved to be good jumpers for younger competitors.
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Equus - 1
Mesohippus - early equid - 2
Miohippus - early equid - 3
Parahippus - Merychippus- equid - 4
Hipparion - Phiohippus- Dinohippus - Plesippus - equid - 5
Tarpan - extinct horse type -6