Horse terms glossary for beginners

If you are new to the horse world, there is so much to learn. I have put this horse terms glossary together, so you can learn some of the horse and pony language.


Horse and pony meanings.

I

Impulsion

 

Energy created by the rider using legs and seat. A rider needs to create impulsion when approaching a fence to jump.

 

Inbred

Animals that are closely related to each other. For example mating of the dam (mother) to a son or a brother to a sister or sire to a daughter.

 

In hand

This is controlling a horse from the ground.In the show ring, there are specific classes for horses in hand.

Irons

These are the Stirrups which you put your feet into on an English saddle. They are known as stirrup irons or irons for short.

There are many different types of irons available. They range in price, with some very expensive.

Irish martingale

This is designed to prevent the reins going over the horse's head if the rider falls off, or the horse falls at a fence.


Horse terms glossary

J

Jodhpurs

Special trousers designed for a comfortable fitting.Jodhpurs’ vary in design and price, with well known top brands, costing a few hundred pounds.

Jog

This term is a slow trot. It is also a pace in Western riding.

Jump off

In show jumping ,if you jump a clear round, you usually go against the clock in the second round, over a shortened course that is timed.

The rider and horse who jumps clear and has the fastest time is the winner of the class.

The winner is the rider who has completed the course in the fastest time, with the least amount of faults.


Jockeys

Jockeys are small lumps of grease, that can be found on a horse's tack.

Tack needs to be cleaned correctly in order to prevent "jockeys".


K

Keeper

This  is a small leather loop on a strap through which the end of the strap is put to keep it flat and tidy.There are several keepers on a horse bridle.

Knee

This is the joint, which is halfway down the foreleg (front leg).

Kicker

A ridden horse that will kick out at other horses, that pass by.

A red ribbon tied to the tail will indicate that the horse kicks, and riders, generally keep away.


Kimblewick

This horse bit is used with a curb chain. The next step up from a kimblewick would be a Pelham bit.

kaolin poultice

This is used on a horse that has bruising, strains or foot injuries. It can be applied hot or cold.

There are other types of poultice- Bran and Epsom salts, animalintex and glycerine and Epsom salts.

Can you think of more horsey words?

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