Horse reference for beginners

The equestrian world has its own language and abbreviations. This horse reference guide, will explain some of these words and pony meanings.


D


Dam

The mother (Mare) of a horse.

Disunited

Cantering with one front leg leading and the opposite leg leading behind.

Deep litter

Most horses are on straw or shavings. Deep littering, is when only the droppings are removed.

Fresh straw or shavings are thinly spread on the top, each time droppings are removed.

This system works well for those who have little time through the week, to do a proper muck out.

Some people, will deep litter for six days, then do a proper muck out at the weekends.

Others, will deep litter for a few months, then remove all the bedding and start over again.

Be warned, it is extremely hard work, digging the wet bedding and the small can knock you for six!


Desert horse

This is a term used to describe how tough a horse is.

It is a term used to describe horses that are bred in desert conditions or from desert stock, such as the Arabian horse.

These horses are hardy and can survive on very little water.



Dished face

The head profile is concave. A good example is the Arab horse,with an attractive head.

Draught

Used to describe a horse that pulls a cart or farm equipment for the land. The heavier breed of horses are known as draught horses.

Dandy brush

This is a wooden horse brush with long, stiff bristles used for removing dried mud.

Dock

The area underneath the top of a horse’s tail.

E

Easy keeper

A horse that is a good “doer” and keeps his weight. Welsh ponies and cobs are usually easy keepers.These types will survive well, through the winter months on grass alone,as long as there is sufficient acreage, for all the horses wintering out.

Dorsal stripe or “eel stripe”

A stripe of black hair that starts from the neck, and continues along the back to the tail. Usually seen on bay or dun coloured horses.


Eriskay

The Eriskay is a pony breed, standing between 1.22 – 1.38m (12 – 13.2hh).

Eventing

This is a horse competition that has three disciplines, dressage, cross-country and show jumping.

Extension

This is when you lengthen a horse or pony's outline, by moving with longer, lower strides.






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Horse reference

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