Evolution horse

Evolution horse

First came the equid fossil that can be traced back over a period of more than 50 million years.

The early ancestors (ancient horse) of the modern horse of today Hyracotherium (Eohippus), also known as Eohippus also known as the (Dawn horse) was about as big as a fox (a small animal) and walked on spread out toes.

Next followed Mesohippus

Again, this fossil was common in North America and lived some 40 million years ago, during the Oligocene period.

Stages of evolution were in process.  

At 60cms tall, this mammal was much larger than its predecessor, Eohippus the Dawn Horse.

It stood taller and the face was longer and larger, and the eyes were now wider apart and further back.

 It had one less toe (three toes on each foot), and stood predominantly on its middle toe.

Indications show that due to more weight being put on the middle toe, the ground would have been much harder or firmer under foot.

Evidence shows that the skulls also began to develop premolar, incisor teeth.

This would have enabled them to eat a greater range of vegetation in the wooded, scrublands.

Over the next 15 million years, there were changes in climate, terrain and vegetation.

Woodlands eventually became, grassy plains and the "equus" evolved and adapted to their new environment.

Mesohippus was eventually succeeded by the slightly larger Miohippus,and then followed by Parahippus.

Scroll down from evolution horse for more information on the history of horses.

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Evolution horse - 2 > > Home

Hyracotherium - early equid - 1

Miohippus - early equid - 3

Parahippus - Merychippus- equid - 4

Hipparion - Phiohippus- Dinohippus - Plesippus - equid -5

Tarpan - extinct horse type -6

Norfolk trotter

Narragansett Pacer


Horse coat colours


All you need to know about horse markings


Horse anatomy

Horse skeleton


Horse age

Aging horse teeth

Molars,incisors,tushes,wolf teeth,tables,etc


Correct conformation

Conformation faults

Conformation for different jobs

Foreleg conformation

Conformation - reflective actions

Conformation of horse

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