Equestrian language

Equestrian terms for horse learners.

The equine world has its own equestrian language. This list explains what some of the equestrian words.


 

 

F

Farrier

A blacksmith who shoes horses.On average, a horse needs shoeing every 6 to 7 weeks.

Feather

The long hair that grows on the lower part of the legs of some ponies and most heavy horses.




Fetlock

The joint on the lower part of a horse’s leg just above the foot.

Field shelter

An open fronted shed in a field or paddock that provides horses and ponies with shelter and protection from the rain and wind.




Filly

A female horse under the age of 4 years.After the age of 4yrs, she is called as a mare.

Flat work

This is also known as schooling. It means working a horse on the ground (not jumping).Before you teach a horse to jump, the flat work must be established first.


Floating

The term or word used to describe the action of a horse’s trotting gait, like an Arab horse which has floating paces.



Flying change

This is when, you ask the horse to change the leading leg at canter when a horse has all four feet off the ground.

Some horses can perform a flying change naturally under saddle, while others have to be taught.




Foal

A baby horse under the age of one year.Once the horse turns one, he is known as a yearling.

Forage

Food for a horse. For example grass, hay and haulage.

Forehand

The head, neck, shoulders, withers and forelegs of a horse or pony.So, everything at the front end.

Forelock

The mane that falls over his forehead.


Equestrian language

Forward position

Leaning forward, with your seat out of the saddle, taking the weight on the knees and feet.

Falabella

This is a miniature horse, standing up to 76cms (7 hh). Usually kept as a pet and not suitable for riding.

Forging

This is when the horse’s hind toe extends and catches the toe of his front shoe. You will clearly hear a clipping sound in trot. Sometimes, just by slowing the trot solves the problem.


Forearm

The upper part of the horse’s front leg, from above the knee.


This riding position is used when galloping and jumping.



Four-beat pace

This is a gait like walk.

One in which each foot hits the ground separately.


Frog

The V-shaped structure in the sole of a horse’s foot.Lift up a foreleg, (front leg) clean the hoof out and you will see the v shaped frog.

Full livery

This is when a horse is kept in a place called a livery yard, and looked after by staff on the yard who carry out all the work involved with looking after the horse.

It will be fed, watered and turned out and whatever else you require for the horse.

Full livery is ideal for a busy owner, who has little time in the week or maybe works away, but it does come with a cost.

The horse will be fully cared for and exercised, so the owner can enjoy him at the weekends.

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