Apart from the Welsh Cob, which is a distinctive breed, they are horse types.
They have no specific breed, and unknown pedigree, but they have a distinctive look.
It is developed to satisfy a specific need where no one breed was sufficient and where a variety of different breeds contributed successfully to produce the required type.
When a type is set, further breeding usually takes place between types to further improve the breeding.
It can be of any colour, including piebald and skewbald, and typical height up to 15hh.
They are stocky, thick set and strongly build with muscular bodies and capable of carrying substantial weight.
The head is slightly convex or Roman, a full generous eye, set on a thick muscular shapely neck crested on the top with well defined wither, along a wide chest and deep girth.
Most are hogged and feathers clipped, in order to keep them clean looking, especially when hunting during the winter months.
They should also have clean, strong hocks and all the attributes of a good hunter.
The ideal horse is said to have “a head like a lady’s maid and a farewell bottom like a cook”.
Their character is described as a gentleman’s horse, the perfect gentleman.
Show types in the United Kingdom are overseen by the British Show Horse Association (BSHA), formerly known as The British Show Hack, Cob and Riding Horse Association.
Types are registered in three divisions: lightweight, heavyweight, or Maxi type exceeding 155 cms.
The classes where these types are shown also have a similar breakdown:
Lightweight – mare or gelding 4 years old and over, exceeding 148cms, but not exceeding 155cms, capable of carrying up to 14 stone (196 pounds).
Heavyweight – mare or gelding 4 years old and over, exceeding 148cms, but not exceeding 155cms, capable of carrying more than 14 stone.
Maxi exceeding 155cms - Judges must pay particular attention to type (i.e. short legged animals of this type). Preferably, to be shown hogged.
It is safe and dependable and a good all round family horse.
This type has become increasingly popular for Riding for the Disabled Association (RDA), as well as for riders who seek horses who are responsive but with a calm temperament, shorter stature and steady, comfortable gaits.
There are a number of popular types in the UK, including
The well known Welsh, Irish and the "Coloured" or "Gypsy," known in the USA as the Gypsy vanner horse.
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Equus - 1
Mesohippus - early equid - 2
Miohippus - early equid - 3
Parahippus - Merychippus- equid - 4
Hipparion - Phiohippus- Dinohippus - Plesippus - equid - 5
Tarpan - extinct horse type -6